PREVALENCE RATE OF PATIENT SAFETY PRACTICES OF NURSES IN THE PHILIPPINES (2014)

Investigators: Rodolfo C. Borromeo, EdD, RN; Ma. Linda G. Buhat, EdD, RN; Cris Sheena Quido, RN

Introduction

The desire to elevate the practice of nursing is the primary advocacy of ANSAP, which is translated by its initiative to ensure patient safety practices rendered by the nurses in the country. This brought the association to conduct a baseline study on the prevalence rate of patient safety practices of nurses in the Philippines.

Objectives

The study determined the patient safety practices by the nurses in the Philippines. Profile characteristics of nurses as well as other demographic variables were included in the study. The domains of patient safety were surveyed through the following categories: Identification of Patients; Communication; Medication Safety; Health Care Associated Prevention of Infection; Prevention of Falls and Injuries; and Pre-operative Care Management, including the test of the differences of the extent of practices when grouped according to their profile, and their predictors.

Methods

The investigators utilized descriptive comparative research design. Respondents were those who had two years and above clinical experiences whether in the private and government tertiary hospitals. Instrument used was originated and validated by 4 CNO experts in the field of patient safety. Test of Reliability was also established before the data gathering. The investigators used frequency and percentage distribution for the profiling; weighted mean for the patient safety practices; ANOVA for the test of differences, and Regression Analysis for the identification of predictors of patient safety practices.

Results

Findings reveal significant differences on communication, and prevention of infection when classified according to years of experiences; same prevention of infection to the educational attainment; patient identification; communication; medication management; prevention of falls and injuries; and pre-operative care management to hospital categories; and only patient identification should difference in terms of location. The predictors came from years of experience; educational attainment; hospital categories; except the location, which were discovered on specific categories.

Significant Difference on the Patient Safety Practices of Nurses in The Philippines when grouped according to their Profile Characteristics

Variables
Patient Identification
Communication
Medication Management
Prevention of falls & injuries
Pre-op Care Mgt
Infection Prevention
Sig
Sig
Sig
Sig
Sig
Sig
Years of Experience
0.504
0.017
0.315
0.276
0.368
0.007
Educational Attainment
0.227
0.170
0.081
0.097
0.433
0.010
Hosp. Category
0.000
0.000
0.021
0.049
0.002
0.426
Location
0.046
0.550
0.219
0.505
0.306
0.810


Regression Analysis of Patient Safety Practices in the Philippines

Variables

Patient Identification

Communication

Medication Management

Prevention of falls & injuries

Pre-op Care Mgt

Infection Prevention

Sig

Sig

Sig

Sig

Sig

Sig

Years of Experience

0.005

0.210

0.009

0.771

0.825

0.262

Educational Attainment

0.172

0.002

0.003

0.097

0.002

0.002

Hosp. Category

0.000

0.000

0.003

0.003

0.578

0.095

Location

0.284

0.299

0.062

0.073

0.323

0.206